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Friday, April 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Surface coordinates and cartography of Mercury found in the catalog.

Surface coordinates and cartography of Mercury

Merton E. Davies

Surface coordinates and cartography of Mercury

sponsored by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

by Merton E. Davies

  • 48 Want to read
  • 3 Currently reading

Published by Rand in Santa Monica, Ca .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Mercury (Planet)
    • Subjects:
    • Mercury (Planet) -- Surface.,
    • Coordinates.,
    • Nets (Geodesy) -- Mercury (Planet)

    • Edition Notes

      Bibliography: p. 33-34.

      StatementMerton E. Davies, Raymond M. Batson.
      Series[Report] - Rand Corporation ; R-1740-JPL
      ContributionsBatson, Raymond M., joint author.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsAS36.R3 R-1740, QB611 R-1740
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxii, 34 p. :
      Number of Pages34
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4954885M
      LC Control Number76383183


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Surface coordinates and cartography of Mercury by Merton E. Davies Download PDF EPUB FB2

A control net of Mercury has been established photogrammetrically by using the Mariner 10 pictures; coordinates of points are given. The Mariner 10 coordinate system uses a system of longitudes in which the twentieth meridian passes through the center of the small crater Hun Kal and the spin axis is assumed normal to the orbital by: COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

A control net of Mercury has been established photogrammetrically using the Mariner 10 pictures; coordinates of 1, points are given. The Mariner 10 coordinate system uses a system of longitudes in which the twentieth meridian passes through the center of the small crater Hun Kal and the spin axis is assumed normal to the orbital by: A control net of Mercury has been established photogrammetrically by using the Mariner 10 pictures; coordinates of points are given.

The Mariner 10 coordinate system uses a system of longitudes in which the twentieth meridian passes through the center of the small crater Hun Kal and the spin axis is assumed normal to the orbital plane. A control net of Mercury has been established photogrammetrically by using the Mariner 10 pictures; coordinates of points are given.

The Mariner 10 coordinate system uses a system of longitudes in which the twentieth meridian passes through the center of the small crater Hun Kal and the spin axis is assumed normal to the orbital : R.

Batson and M. Davies. Accurate determination of the rotation period, the orientation of the rotation axis, the coordinates of major surface features and the cartography of the surface markings lead to an improved knowledge of Mercury, and provide basic data for space missions scheduled to fly by the planet.

They are feasible from ground-based by: The surface of Mercury was studied more than once with ground-based radars. The studies performed in using radio telescopes of the Gold Stone and Arecibo observatories showed that the. This Mercury issue contains 11 papers submitted as an interim report from the team that has analyzed photographs from two encounters between Mercury and Mariner Several specific areas of work, such as cartographic control, tectonic processes, and gravitational effects on craters, are detailed.

Mercury is a heavily cratered planet. Its surface is similar to the surface of our Moon. Cratering on Mercury triggered volcanic eruptions that filled much of the surrounding area.

The largest crater on Mercury is the Caloris Basin which is miles (1, km) across. It may have been formed by as asteroid hitting Mercury.

Surface Features of Mercury The surface of Mercury, at first glance, looks very much like that of the Moon, but in fact it is different in several ways. The MESSENGER spacecraft revealed that Mercury has some unique landforms, more smooth plains, and surface compositions (low in iron and high in sulfur) that are unlike any measured on the Moon.

example, consider the ordinary coordinates of latitude and longitude on the surface of the earth. These coordinates are indeed orthogonal but the surface is not the Euclidean plane and the coordinates are not Cartesian. δij eˆi Of the orthogonal coordinate systems, there are several that are in common use for the description of the physical File Size: KB.

NEW BOOK LUNAR and PLANETARY the coordinates and morphological features of all craters over 10 km diameter over the whole Mercury's surface.

of commonplace book, it. This series uses 15 different sheets to cover the surface of Mercury, as shown in Figure 16; there are five Mercator projection sheets encircling the planet between north and south 25° latitude, four north and four south Lambert projection sheets between 20° and 70° latitude, and north and south polar stereographic projection sheets between the poles and 65° latitude.

Lobate scarps on Mercury have been studied to determine the nature of the surface stress history and implications for the planet early tectonic history. Morphologic and transection relations indicate that most Mercurian scalps are tectonic in nature and are due to compressive stresses in the surface by: The year is The first-ever expedition is sent to Mercury to search for the cause of an unknown source of electromagnetic radiation that can destroy space ships passing by the planet.

Thought to be inhospitable and lifeless, the surface of Mercury Brand: Springer International Publishing. Thompson: Coordinate systems for solar image data 3 Fig A diagram of the Sun, showing lines of constant Stonyhurst heliographic longitude and latitude on the solar disk.

The origin of the coordinate system is at the intersection of the solar equator and the (terrestrial) observer’s central meridian. This representation is alsoFile Size: KB. The problem of the shortest way from one point to another leads to the concept of the geodesic and the Riemann exponential mapping.

In this way it is particularly straightforward to obtain coordinates that are convenient in geometry, like Riemann normal coordinates, geodesic polar coordinates and Fermi : Christian Bär.

Mercury - Mercury - Surface composition: Messenger used X-ray fluorescence spectra to study the surface composition of Mercury. It found a high ratio of magnesium to silicon and low ratios of aluminum and calcium to silicon, which showed that the crust was not rich in feldspar like that of the Moon.

The surface is rich in sulfur, about 20 times richer than the surfaces of Earth, the. In mathematics, the Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system used to place points on a plane using two numbers, usually called the x-coordinate and the place the coordinates, two perpendicular lines, called axes (Singular: axis), are drawn.

Cartesian coordinates can be used in 3D, by adding a third number, the added coordinate. Geographic Information Science • Research that studies the theory and concepts that underpin GIS • Establishes a theoretical basis for the technology and use of GIS • Commonly an interdisciplinary approach to research and investigation • File Size: 2MB.

Inthe coordinates of the named features in the Mercury portion of the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature were updated from values from the Preliminary MESSENGER control network to values in the MESSENGER Team system.

This new set of coordinates was derived using ArcMap version and. The MErcury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft launched on August 3rd,it entered orbit around Mercury on Ma and ended its mission on April 30th, when it deliberately plunged into the surface or Mercury.

MESSENGER was the first spacecraft to orbit Mercury and had the primary goal. Prof. Oberst is member of the IAU/IAG working group on Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites as well as Co-chair of the ISPRS Planetary Remote Sensing and Mapping Working Group.

Irina Karachevtseva (Ph.D. from Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK), ). She is head of MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial. For Mercury, the only other planet with a solid surface visible from Earth, a thermocentric coordinate is used: the prime meridian runs through the point on the equator where the planet is hottest (due to the planet's rotation and orbit, the sun briefly retrogrades at noon at this point during perihelion, giving it more sun).

Books at Amazon. The Books homepage helps you explore Earth's Biggest Bookstore without ever leaving the comfort of your couch.

Here you'll find current best sellers in books, new releases in books, deals in books, Kindle eBooks, Audible audiobooks, and. Geodesy and Cartography. [ ] Geodesy and cartography of planets and their satellites are natural extensions of the same scientific disciplines that are used to describe the size and shape of Earth, define its coordinate system, develop control nets, measure gravity fields, and produce accurate, useful maps.

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three.

sheets covering that part of the surface of Mercury that was illuminated during the Mariner 10 en- counters (Davies and Batson, ). The source of map data was the Mariner 10 television experiment (Murray, ).

ADOPTED FIGURE The map projections are based on a sphere with a radius of km. PROJECTION. The discovery of the New World by Europeans led to the need for new techniques in cartography, particularly for the systematic representation on a flat surface of the features of a curved surface—generally referred to as a projection (e.g., Mercator projection, cylindrical projection, and Lambert conformal projection).During the 17th and 18th centuries there was a.

Cartographer: Manfred F. Buchroithner Pencil base layer: Kira B. Shingareva et al. (Moscow) Kira B. Shingareva, Jim Zimbelman, Manfred F. Buchroithner and Henrik I. Hargitai: The Realization of ICA Commission Projects on Planetary Cartography Cartographica, vol.

40, no. 4 /Winter pp DOI /X More than named planetary feature types are discussed in the encyclopedia, covering a wide range of scales--from micrometers to global scale--and also include landform types (structural or topographic features), parts of landforms, terrain types or surface textures, surface patterns, and features identified at wavelengths extending from.

ATLAS OF MERCURY 1: TOPOGRAPHIC SERIES MICHELANGELO QUADRANGLE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY NOTES ON BASE This is one sheet in a series of topographic map sheets covering that part of the surface of Mercury that was illuminated during the Mariner 10 en- counters (Davies and Batson, ).

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. [note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a.

Map scale is concerned with reducing geographical features of interest to manageable proportions, coordinate systems help us define the positions of features on the surface of the earth, and map projections are concerned with moving from the three-dimensional world to the two dimensions of a flat map or display, all of which are discussed in.

Using advanced imaging techniques, the Mercury map is actually a pretty amazing marvel of modern astrophotography. A NASA probe named Messenger has been orbiting Mercury since Marchand only now has it completed its Mercury map.

The big challenges come from collecting images in the parts of the planet that are perpetually in shadow/5(69). Experimental engineering-geologic and environmental-geologic maps of the conterminous United States by Dorothy H Radbruch-Hall (Book) 12 editions published between and in English and Undetermined and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide.

home:: earth:: geography:: cartography:: earth coordinate system Earth coordinate system The intersection of two imaginary lines, longitude and latitude, makes it possible to locate a precise point on the Earth’s surface.

Abstract. Reference surfaces, coordinate systems and projections are the prerequisites for the geospatial analysis of planetary surfaces. In the followings we discuss how these parameters are defined and used on different types of planetary bodies, including rocky planets, satellites, irregular bodies and gas by: 2.

A prime meridian is the meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographic coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°. Together, a prime meridian and its anti-meridian (the th meridian in a °-system) form a great great circle divides a spheroid into two one uses directions of East and West from a defined prime meridian, then they can be called.

cartography: see mapmap, conventionalized representation of spatial phenomena on a plane surface. Unlike photographs, maps are selective and may be prepared to show various quantitative and qualitative facts, including boundaries, physical features, patterns, and distribution.

Click the link for more information. Cartography the science of. Learn quiz map reading jrotc with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of quiz map reading jrotc flashcards on Quizlet.Mercury turns very slowly: orbits the sun twice while it rotates on its axis three times.

Its day is 59 Earth days long and its year 88 Earth days long. Beforeit was believed that Mercury did not rotate, but that one side constantly faced the sun.Mercury's impact craters were made early in the evolution of the solar system, nearly 4 billion years ago, by meteorites which hit the surface.

The relatively smooth plains between craters indicates that at one point the surface was probably volcanic, as lava flows filled in after the impacts of large objects.